At the African Water Facility (AWF) Governing Council meeting held in Harare, Zimbabwe in November 2013, the Government of Zimbabwe expressed its interest in being included in the roll-out of the “Cities of the Future” Program. This program encompasses the “Integrated Urban Water Management” (IUWM) principles which the AWF is pursuing with selected countries and partners. At the Government’s request, the AWF subsequently fielded an identification mission to work with the Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate (MoEWC), and with other relevant agencies to identify an urban centre in Zimbabwe to which IUWM planning principles could be successfully applied. IUWM seeks to develop efficient and flexible urban water systems by adopting a holistic view of all components of the urban water cycle (water supply, sanitation, storm water management) in the context of the wider watershed. The Municipality of Marondera was selected by the Government.
Marondera is the provincial capital of Mashonaland East Province of Zimbabwe, located about 70 km east of Harare, and it has a population of around 62,000 according to the Zimbabwe national population census of 2012.
The project aims to develop a Master Plan for water and wastewater management in the Municipality of Marondera, including an investment plan and a water resources availability analysis at the sub catchment area at the 2040 horizon.
IUWM & WRM approach
The IUWM Master Plan is developed according to Goal N° 6 “Water and Sanitation” of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
The goal of the Study is to supply the Client with an instrument that will guide the development of the water and sanitation infrastructure in the town of Marondera and in the three sub catchments, namely Macheke, Nyagui and Upper Manyame, draining to Save, Manyame and Mazowe.
The proposed IUWM approach:
- involves integrating the catchment’s water resources management into the IUWM Master Plan, taking into account the different factors of water cycle, food cycle and energy balance wastewater;
- assesses the quantity and quality of the water resource;
- estimates current and future demands;
- anticipates the effects of climate change;
- defines different uses and reuses for different water sources;
- aligns urban development and basin management to achieve sustainable economic, social, and environmental goals: the planning for the water sector is integrated with other urban sectors (land use, housing, energy, transportation, etc.) to overcome fragmentation in public policy formulation and decision-making;
- engages all stakeholders, including local communities, in solving the problems of water management;
is based on the pro-active involvement of key partners from the public, private and social sectors.
The project’s activities, organised in 16 Work Packages, consist of:
- PART 1 – An Integrated Urban Water Management Master Plan (IUWMMP) for Marondera Municipality, including
- Component 1 Immediate needs
- Component 2 Sustaining the future
- PART 2 – The development of a Water Resources Management Strategic Plan (WRMSP) for the 3 sub-catchments